The idea that computers are people has a long and storied history. It goes back to the very origins of computers, and even from before. There’s always been a question about whether a program is something alive or not since it intrinsically has some kind of autonomy at the very least, or it wouldn’t be a program. There has been a domineering subculture—that’s been the most wealthy, prolific, and influential subculture in the technical world—that for a long time has not only promoted the idea that there’s an equivalence between algorithms and life, and certain algorithms and people, but a historical determinism that we’re inevitably making computers that will be smarter and better than us and will take over from us. …That mythology, in turn, has spurred a reactionary, perpetual spasm from people who are horrified by what they hear. You’ll have a figure say, “The computers will take over the Earth, but that’s a good thing, because people had their chance and now we should give it to the machines.” Then you’ll have other people say, “Oh, that’s horrible, we must stop these computers.” Most recently, some of the most beloved and respected figures in the tech and science world, including Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, have taken that position of: “Oh my God, these things are an existential threat. They must be stopped.”
In the history of organized religion, it’s often been the case that people have been disempowered precisely to serve what was perceived to be the needs of some deity or another, where in fact what they were doing was supporting an elite class that was the priesthood for that deity. … That looks an awful lot like the new digital economy to me, where you have (natural language) translators and everybody else who contributes to the corpora that allows the data schemes to operate, contributing to the fortunes of whoever runs the computers. You’re saying, “Well, but they’re helping the AI, it’s not us, they’re helping the AI.” It reminds me of somebody saying, “Oh, build these pyramids, it’s in the service of this deity,” and, on the ground, it’s in the service of an elite. It’s an economic effect of the new idea. The new religious idea of AI is a lot like the economic effect of the old idea, religion.
– From this edge.org article